Area and damage zones of Brachycaudus helichrysi Kalt.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist-biologist M.N. Berim,
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

It is created on materials of map of natural scale 1:33 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map is composed of 3 thematic layers. Zones of distribution and damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

The insect area is divided into zones of high and low damage using the published materials. The zone of low damage includes regions that are characterized by periodical increase of the Leafcurl Plum Aphid number on stone trees according to points 1-2; the zone of high damage is characterized by the insect numbers according to points 3 and higher (Drakhovskaya, 1962).

Method of map production:

The area and damage zones of B. helichrysi have been marked on a blank map. The northern border has been marked after the published materials (Shaposhnikov, 1964; Vasil'ev, 1973; Ivanovskaya, 1976) and original data from suction trap. The species does not winter on Compositae; therefore, the northern border of area goes along the northern border of Prunus domestica L. growing zone. The species is marked in West Siberia, usually in forest-steppe, steppe, mountain-steppe zones (Ivanovskaya, 1976). This aphid occurs also in southern part of Primorskii Territory (Ivanovskaya, Kupyanskaya, 1979). The borders of zones of different harmfulness are given, using criteria that have been published by V.P.Nevskii (1929); T.P.Kolomiets et al. (1975); D.A. Kolesova (1976); B.V.Vereshchagin, A.V.Andreev (1981), and others. Low harmful activity is recorded in forest-steppe and steppe zones of Ukraine, European part of Russia, Moldova (Vereshchagina, Vereshchagin, 1966; Vasil'ev, 1973; Kolesova, 1976). The highest harming activity is marked in the Crimea, Middle Asia, Kazakhstan (mainly in southern regions), in the North Caucasus, Transcaucasia. The vector map of distribution of plum trees within the territory of the Former USSR has been also used for the correction of damage zones (Terekhina, 2005).

Reference citations:

Andreev A.V. 1982. Aphids of plum gardens in Moldova. PHD Thesis. Kishinev: Institute of Zoology and Physiology. 22 p. (in Russian).
Baranov A.N. 1969. Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: Chief Department of Geodesy and Cartography. 90-91 p. (in Russian).
Drakhovskaya M. 1962. Forecasting in plant protection. Moscow: Publishing House of Agricultural literature, magazines and posters. 165 p. (in Russian).
Ivanovskaya O.I. 1976. Fauna of aphids on the territory of West Siberia. In: Zolotorenko G.S., ed. Fauna of helminthes and arthropods of Siberia. Novosibirsk: Nauka. P. 175-189 (in Russian).
Ivanovskaya, O.I. & Kupyanskaya, A.N. 1979. Aphids (Homoptera, Aphididae) damaging trees and bushes in Primorskii Territory. In: Ivliev L.A., ed. Ecology and biology of arthropods in the southern Far East. Vladivostok: AN SSSR. 36-51 p. (in Russian).
Kolesova D.A. 1976. Leafcurl plum aphid. Zashchita rastenii 11: 46-47 (in Russian).
Kolomiets T.P., Zhivilo V.I. & Voskoboinikov V.V. 1975. Leafcurl plum aphid on aster. Zashchita rastenii 12: 41-42 (in Russian).
Nevskii V.P. 1929. Aphids of Middle Asia. Proceedings of Uzbekistan Experimental plant protection station 16. Tashkent. 275-278 p. (in Russian).
Shaposhnikov G.Kh. 1964. Order Homoptera - homopterous. In: Kryzhanovskii O.L., ed. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural crops. V. 1. Leningrad: Nauka. P. 587 (in Russian).
Terekhina N.V. The area of Garden plum (Prunus domestica L.). 2005.
Vasil.ev V.P., ed. 1973. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. 1. Kiev: Urozhai. 295-296 p. (in Russian).
Vereshchagin B.V. & Andreev A.V. 1981. Aphids (Homoptera, Aphidoidea) damaging plum in Moldova. In: Lupashku M.F., ed. Proceedings of AN Moldavian SSR. N 5. Kishinev: Shtiintsa. 36-41 p. (in Russian).
Vereshchagina V.V. & Vereshchagin B.V. 1966. Aphids on stone fruit trees in Moldova and their diagnostics. In: Talitskii V.I., ed. Proceedings of Moldavian Institute of gardening, viniculture and wine making. V. 13. Kishinev: Kartya Moldovenyaske. 39-52 p. (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2007 © M.N.Berim & M.I.Saulich (vector map, description).

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