Area of distribution and damage of Pieris brassicae L.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists E.I. Ovsyannikova & I.Ya. Grichanov, GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on information taken from open-published literature and maps of scale 1:12 000 000 и 30-33 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons. Zones of pest damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The zone of Cabbage White harmfulness is located within the area of industrial growing of cruciferous vegetable cultures. Within this area the zone of low damage is outlined according to where the pest population density has economic significance, having the following economic threshold: Where 5% of plants are infested with egg-batches and hatched caterpillars in the whorl phase and 5-10% populated plants in cabbage head setting phase at average density 5-10 caterpillars per plant (Sazonov et al., 1991; Slavgorodskaya-Kurpieva et al., 2001). The Cabbage White is sometimes able to exceed considerably this threshold (Kharchenko et al., 1975), but in practice it is accounted for together with the Small White (Pieris rapae L.) and other lepidopteran pests of cruciferous cultures; treatments against this whole complex of the pests are carried out simultaneously.

Method of map production:

Scientists were given maps with boundaries of Oblasts and arable lands. After reviewing historic literature, species distribution was hand drawn on maps. If data were on the Oblast-level, distribution is on the Oblast level. In some cases, Oblast.s are further refined by boundaries of the Arable Land Map (Koroljeva et al., 2003). The base map was taken from L.vovskii (1984) and Lukhtanov & Lukhtanov (1994). The northern and eastern borders of the area were adjusted according to L.vovskii (1999), Dubatolov & Gordeev (1999). The southern border was adjusted according to Daricheva (1988), D.yakonov & Kozhanchikov (1949) and the internet sites listed below. The zone of low damage was determined according to D.yakonov & Kozhanchikov (1949), Korshunov (1968), Nekrutenko (1974), Kharchenko et al. (1975), Provorotova (1974, 1977), Nekrutenko (1985), Kadamshoev (1986), Daricheva (1988) and L.vovskii (1999) and is aligned with the industrial growing areas of vegetable cultures (Tochenov, 1984). Hand drawn maps were scanned, georeferenced and vectorized.

Reference citations:

Anon. 1998-1999. Pieris brassicae L. In: Information on agricultural crops, Semko Unior Company. . (In Russian)
Berlov O. 2004. Color atlas and key to diurnal butterflies of Baikal Lake. Edition 2. (In Russian)
D.yakonov A.M., Kozhanchikov I.V. 1949. Lepidoptera. In: Pavloskii E.N., Shtakelberg A.A. eds. Pest Animals of Middle Asia (Handbook). Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR. 179-198 pp. (In Russian)
Daricheva M.V. 1988. Fauna and ecology of Pieridae (Lepidoptera) of Turkmenistan. Izvestiya AN Turk.SSR. Seriya biol. Nauk.(Ashkhabad: Ylym), 2: 61-68. (In Russian)
Dubatolov V.V., Gordeev S.Yu. 1999. First record of Pieris brassicae (L.) (Lepidoptera, Pieridae) in Chita Region. In: Insects of Dauria and adjacent territories. Issue 2. Proceedings of the State Biosphere Nature Reserve .Daurskii.. Novosibirsk. 222-223 pp. (In Russian)
Kadamshoev M. 1986. Species composition and distribution of pests of vegetables, melons and gourds in areas of the Western Pamirs. In: Chikatunov V.I., ed. Fauna, ecology and zoogeography of Pamirs. Dushanbe: Donish. 36-49 pp. (In Russian)
Kharchenko N.N., Osipov V.G., Kustova A.I. 1975. Pests and diseases of vegetable cultures. In: Dorozhkin N.A., ed. Plant protection against pests, diseases, and weeds in Byelorussia. Recommendations. Minsk: Urozhai. 223 p. (In Russian)
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Korshunov Yu. 1968. Cabbage White in Western Siberia. Kartofel. i ovoshchi, 3: 42. (In Russian)
Korsun O. 2004. Lepidoptera. Pieridae. Pieris brassicae (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Nature and culture of Transbaikalia.
Kosterin O.E. 2004. To the fauna of diurnal butterflies (Lepidoptera, Diurna) of Omsk and its nearest environs. (In Russian)
L.vovskii A.L. 1984. Map 207. In: Gorodkov K.B., ed. Provisional atlas of the insects of the European part of USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. 47 p. (In Russian)
L.vovskii A.L. 1999. Pieridae. In: Kuznetsov V.I., ed. Insects and Mites-pests of agricultural plants. Lepidoptera. St. Petersburg: Nauka. V. 3(2): 233-242. (In Russian)
Lukhtanov V., Lukhtanov A. 1994. Diurnal Butterflies of Northwest Asia (Lepidoptera, Diurna). Herbipoliana. Buchreihe zur lepidopterologie. Band 3. Herausgeber: Dr. Ulf Eitschberger, Marktleuthen. 440 p. (In German)
Nekrutenko Yu.P. 1974. Pieridae. In: Vasil.ev V.P., ed. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. Arthropods. Kiev: Urozhai. V. 2: 411-414. (In Russian)
Nekrutenko Yu.P. 1985. Keys to Rhopalocera of the Crimea. Kiev: Naukova dumka. 151 p. (In Russian)
Provorotova G.M. 1974. Cabbage White in Krasnoyarsk Territory. In: Anonymous, ed. Plant protection against diseases and pests in Eastern Siberia. Irkutsk: Irkutsk SKHI. 58-59 pp. (In Russian)
Provorotova G.M. 1977. Insect pests of cabbage in Krasnoyarsk Territory. In: Kulik S.A., ed. Fauna and Ecology of Eastern Siberia and the Far East. Irkutsk: Irkutsk University. 172-180 pp. (In Russian)
Sazonov A.P., Burov V.N., Sundukova N.E. Mokrousova E.P., Kolesova D.A., Zolotov L.A., Voinyak V.I., Pristavko V.P., Chernii A.M., Petrushova N.I., Medvedeva G.M., Matvievskii A.S., Maksimova V.I., Atanov N.M., Gummel R.M. 1991. Technology of practical applications of biologically active compounds in the IPM on fruit and vegetable cultures against pests (recommendations). Moscow: VASKHNIL. 32 p. (In Russian)
Slavgorodskaya-Kurpieva L.E., Slavgorodskii V.E., Popov V.G. 2001. Protection of agricultural crops against pests and diseases (The handbook for farmers, gardeners and truck farmers). Simferopol.: Biznes-Inform. 342 p. (In Russian)
Tochenov V.V., ed. 1984. Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK. 260 p. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2004 © E.I. Ovsyannikova, I.Ya. Grichanov, & M.I. Saulich (VIZR; vector map, description); I.Ya. Grichanov (VIZR, photo).

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