Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz. - Bigseed falseflax.

Taxonomic position.

Family: Brassicaceae Burnett; genus: Camelina Crantz.(Cherepanov, S.K., Plantae Vasculares Rossicae et Civitatum Collimitanearum (in limicis USSR olim), 1995).

Morphology and biology.

Annual spring plant, 30-80 cm high, covered by bipartite or simple hairs or sometimes almost naked. Stem is moderately branching in the upper part of the plant. Leaves are not numerous, sparsely set. Racemes are not long. Calyx lobes are about 3 mm long, and petals are around 5 mm in length, of yellowish colour. Fruit are silicles of obovate shape with a rounded top and narrow margin, non-dehiscent until ripening, 6-10 mm in length and 4-6 mm in width. Valves are expressly convex and rather hard. Seed are 1.5-2 mm long and about 1 mm wide. Style is tall, 1.5-2 mm. Pedicels under fruit are thin, 15-25 mm long, significantly deflected from the stem. Blossoms in May; bears fruit in June. Entomophilous.


Europe; Asia (North, South-West, Middle, Central and East); south of Australia (anthropochore).


Weedy in crops and ruderal. As in the territory of the USSR there is no an initial area of the species, the map is constructed according to secondary habitats data, the area is submitted only as the points which have fixed actual sites.

Utilization and economic value.

Cultivated for edible oil.


Cherepanov, S. K., Plantae Vasculares Rossicae et Civitatum Collimitanearum (in limicis USSR olim). St-Petersburg, "Mir I Semia", 1995, 990 p. (in Russian).
Dorofeev, V. I. 1998. Family Cruciferae (Brassicaceae) middle Zone of an Europaean part of Russian Federation /Turchaninowia. Barnaul, Vol. 1, part 3, 94 p. (in Russian).
Dorofeev, V.I. 2002. Cruciferae (Brassicaceae) of Europaean Russia /Turchaninowia. Barnaul, Vol. 5, part 3, 115p. (in Russian).
Flora USSR, 1939. Vol. VIII. Cruciferae. N. A. Bush (ed.) M.-L., p.600-602. (in Russian).
Grossgeim, A. A. 1950. Flora of Caucasus. Moscow-Leningrad, v. IV, p. 162-165. (in Russian).

© Smekalova T.N.

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